口语答题中的“小词大用”

    栏目:实用英语  

 在美国的日常语言环境中,存在着许多经过长年累月习惯形成的,我们普遍所谓“地道”的语言表达。很多情况下,这样的表达仅仅存在于口头。当然,经过数年的积淀,便形成我们常说的“谚语”。

口语训练中,我们的目标是练就地道的、标准的英语发音,那么在词汇的选择运用上,一定要提起注意,能够驾驭“小词”的口语,必定是流畅的且多彩丰富的。“小词”的活用,在简练地道的同时,给语言以特有的活力和意味。这里以get一词为例,向同学们展示“小词”应用的独特魅力。

Get的基本含义有得到、到达的意思,表现的是短时间内的变化。在英语口语中,表示动作变化的词,在以下的一些情况中可以用get一词替换。简单的同时体现出一种“只可意会,不可言传”的深层含义。这里列出15个典型的句子,在具体的语言环境中同学们可以尝试应用。

1. She got loads of presents from her friends.  (get=receive)

2. You may be able to get scholarship from the university.   (get=obtain)

3. I’ll get a towel for you.     (get=bring)

4. I usually get vegetables from the supermarket.   (get=buy)

5. We might get the chance to go to America this year.   (get=have)

6. He got flu last winter and was in bed for three weeks.  (get=illness)

7. I got 98% in my last math test.   (get=achieve)

8. They didn’t get home until midnight.   (get=arrive)

9. I think we’re getting somewhere.   (get=make proGREss)

10. Get out of my house.  (get=move)

11. I got the 9:15 airplane from London to New York.  (get=travel)

12. She soon got bored with the job.   (get=become)

13. Sometimes he gets me so angry.  (get=make)

14. We must get this work done on time.  (get=make something happen)

15. I don’t get it-it doesn’t make sense.  (get=understand)

     另外,这里给同学们介绍一些口语中可以用到的谚语表达。在熟练掌握以上15个句子的前提下,可以尝试在表达中,包括在独立写作的部分添加习语谚语,实为画龙点睛之笔。

1. A bosom friend afar brings a distant land near. 海内存知己,天涯若比邻。

2. A common danger causes common action. 同舟共济。

3. A contented mind is a continual / perpetual feast. 知足常乐。

4. A fall into the pit, a gain in your wit. 吃一堑,长一智。

5. A guest should suit the convenience of the host. 客随主便。

6. A letter from home is a priceless treasure. 家书抵万金。

7. All rivers run into the sea. 殊途同归。

8. All time is no time when it is past. 机不可失,时不再来。 

9. As heroes think, so thought Bruce. 英雄所见略同。

10. A young idler, an old beggar. 少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲。

11. Behind the mountains there are people to be found. 天外有天,山外有山。

12. Bad luck often brings good luck. 塞翁失马,焉知非福。 

13. Business is business. 公事公办。

14. Clumsy birds have to start flying early. 笨鸟先飞。

15. Custom makes all things easy. 习惯成自然。

16. Difficult the first time, easy the second. 一回生,二回熟。

17. Do not change horses in mid-stream. 别在河流中间换马。(不要临阵换将)

18. Do not have too many irons in the fire. 贪多嚼不烂。

19. Do not pull all your eggs in one basket. 别把所有的蛋都放在一个篮子里。(不要孤注一掷。)

20. Do not teach fish to swim. 不要班门弄斧。

21. East or west, home is the best. 东奔西跑,还是家里好。(金窝银窝不如自己的草窝)

22. Experience is the best teacher. 实践出真知。

23. Fact is stranger than fiction. 事实比虚构更离奇。(大千世界,无奇不有。)

24. Faith can move mountains. 信念能移山。(精诚所至,金石为开。)

25. First impressions are half the battle. 先入为主。

26. Give as good as one gets. 一报还一报。(以德报德,以怨还怨。)

27. Give everyone his due. 一视同仁。

28. good wine needs no bush. 酒香不怕巷子深。

29. Haste makes waste. 欲速则不达。(忙中常出错。)

30. He that promises too much means nothing. 轻诺者寡信。

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